Transgender Student Case Makes Its Way To The United States Supreme Court

The national debate regarding transgender students' rights and the obligations of school districts has developed rapidly this year. Courts across the country, including in Ohio, have issued varied decisions on these issues and the United States Department of Education ("DOE") and the United States Department of Justice ("DOJ") have issued controversial guidance. On October 28, 2016, the United States Supreme Court agreed to hear the recent Fourth Circuit Gloucester County School Board v. GG case, regarding bathroom use policy in relation to a transgender student. So, clarification on some of the issues facing districts may be on the horizon. [More]

Criminal Liability arising from Drone Operations

In an article published in the September 2016 issue of the Cleveland Metropolitan Bar Journal and titled, "Criminal Liability arising from Drone Operations," Darrell A. Clay and Jessica Trivisonno asserted that drone users must operate their vehicles in a safe and lawful manner at all times, or else they may incur criminal liability for their actions. [More]

The Degree of "Educational Benefit" Required for a Free Appropriate Public Education: United States Supreme Court to Settle the Debate

Under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEIA), public schools must provide a free appropriate public education (FAPE) to students with disabilities. The degree of "educational benefit" a child must receive in order for the school district to have provided a FAPE has been a question that school districts across the country have grappled with for decades. But clarification is in sight as the United States Supreme Court will hear the case of Endrew F. v. Douglas County School District RE-1. The central issue in Endrew F. is defining the level of educational benefit a school district must confer on children with disabilities to provide them with the FAPE guaranteed by the IDEIA. [More]